A large part of running a company is human resources management. The UAE labour law sets clear guidelines about the rights of employees and obligations of employers, and any disputes between employee and employer are first brought to the attention of the Ministry of Labour. The number of employees that a company can hire is determined by the kind of trade licence it holds. Since an employee’s visa must be sponsored by the employer, the process of hiring is controlled by both the General Directorate of Residency & Foreigners Affairs (DNRD) and the Ministry of Labour. Both government offices have moved most of their operations online, so instead of entering the government buildings, procedures can be carried out at typing offices that have access to the eGovernment system.
Before a company can hire any employees, it must obtain both an establishment labour card and an establishment immigration card from the Ministry of Labour and DNRD. The cards are needed in all transactions with the Ministry of Labour and the DNRD.
According to the labour law, employers are required to provide certain benefits to their employees. Employers are not required to provide private health insurance, but they must at least pay for each employee to have a government health card. The labour law also details the minimum amount of vacation time that each employee deserves, the maximum hours to be worked in a week, and the minimum compensation owed to an employee that has completed a contract. The labour law also stipulates that companies with over 100 employees must use a ‘wage protection system’ through the Ministry of Labour.
UAE Labour Law– Dubai eGovernmentIssuing an establishment card at GDRFA – General Directorate of Residency and Foreigners AffairsDubai Government health card for corporates – Dubai Health AuthorityDubai Government health card for individuals - Dubai Health AuthorityWage protection system – Ministry of LabourDubai Chamber CSR label online application - Dubai ChamberDownload SME corporate governance code- Code for SMEs-Dubai SME